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Bleach Buffer

Bleach Buffer in Denim Washing Bleach Buffer is a non-ionic scouring agent that is very effective in removing oils, waxes and dirt from all types of garments. It is very effective in producing whiter whites in continuous or batch processes especially on 100% cotton or cotton blends. But can be used on synthetics as an effective scouring agent. It can be used with hydrogen peroxide to boost white shades or used in hosiery or garments with hypochlorite bleaches. It is also very effective in buffering hypochlorite bleaches to avoid tenderizing…

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ACTIVATOR

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ACTIVATOR Hydrogen Peroxide activator is an enzyme used for blue-black and black cattle bleaching. It can decolorize black sulfide dyes efficiently and stably at low temperature, with high decolorization efficiency and stable color. The product does not contain formaldehyde, APEO, Advantage of the Activator Suitable for blue and black jeans to enhance brightness. Replacement of bleaching water for rinsing blue and black jeans. Indigo denim desizing, scouring and brightening three-step integration, energy saving and water saving. Replacing potassium permanganate bleaching, safer and more environmentally friendly. Reducing Bleaching Time,…

Ozone fading in denim and jeans washing

Ozone fading in denim and jeans washing   Global demand for jeans has been projected to reach $56.2 billion this year. Manufacturers achieve these finishes with water, chemicals, enzymes and pumice stones. According to Levi Strauss & Co., the average pair of jeans uses 42 liters of water in the finishing process. But some factories using 20 liters to 60 liters of water to finish each pair. Meanwhile, 900 million people lack access to clean water. Forward-thinking brands and manufacturers are seeking alternatives to water, chemicals and stones for achieving…

Back-Staining problem in jeans washing

Back-Staining problem in jeans washing Back Staining is a common problem in denim washing sector.  In denim and jeans washing process dyes are removed from garments which stay in the water. This dye can be re-deposited in any undyed area of garments like pocketing fabric which is not accepted by buyer. This problem is known as back staining problem in garment wash.As a result bluish color evenly distributed all over the back side of the denim fabric or white pocket fabric. Causes of Back Staining  In garments industry, there are two…

Color fastness to light problem in washing

Color fastness to light problem in washing The color fastness of garments refers to the fading degree and staining degree of garments color in the process of processing and use. There many reasons for Color fastness to light problem in washing. The color fastness to light test determines the effect of natural sunlight on garments colors. The darker shades has less problem of color fastness in washing  The Test Method of Light Fastness Test ISO 105 test method (ISO 105 B01, ISO 105 B02, ISO 105 B04, ISO 105 B06,…

COLOR FASTNESS TO CROCKING PROBLEM ON GARMENTS

COLOR FASTNESS TO CROCKING (WET AND DRY RUBBING) PROBLEM ON GARMENT Crocking occurs indigo dye transferring from garments to another surface due to contact or rubbing. To minimize crocking and to remove general denim stains. “Crocking” is an industry term referring to a transfer of a colorant through rubbing. The crocking test determines the resistance of garments colors to rubbing off and staining other materials. The methods of test crocking problem on garments ISO 105 X12 and AATCC 8 are the primarily standards for measuring color fastness to crocking The…

COLOR FASTNESS TO WATER PROBLEM

COLOR FASTNESS TO WATER PROBLEM Color fastness to water determines the resistance of garments colors to immersion in water. This test used to measure the migration of color to another fabric when wet and in close contact. The washing test also typically uses a basic PH solution due to the addition of detergent, while this test is conducted at neutral PH levels. The poor dye will create more problem of color fastness. sometimes, color dye did not fix with the fabrics. different dyes used for different fibers or fabrics. Water…

Crease Mark Problem in Washing

Crease Mark Problem in Washing   Crease mark on garments is a common problem in washing industry. Some techniques used to reduce this problem in washing time. Generally Technician used Anti crease agent or Lubricant agents Anti-creasing agent Provides garments lubrication Prevents crease marks Minimizes abrasion in processing times and gives strength of garments does not affect the shade or fastness properties Improves abrasion resistance properties Crease Mark will come the below reasons: Crease mark will come when water less in processing time. Overloaded garments in treatment then the crease…

Shade problem in Enzyme with Stone washed of Denim Jeans in washing

Shade problem in Enzyme with Stone washed of Denim Jeans in washing: Shade matching in stone washing is a very important technique of Denim Jeans. As a result different garment from same fabric lot will result to different shades although they are processed in same conditions with same chemical recipes. Chemical quantities, temperature, time and other parameters during process controlled the shade variation. Enzymes and pumic stones are responsible to create paneling effects and white grains on garment. In modern techniques, enzyme with pumic stone helps to increase the extent…

Bleach Washing Problem

Bleach Washing Problem Bleach can be used to decolorize indigo from garments.  In this process a strong oxidative bleaching agent such as sodium hypochlorite or KMnO4 is added during the washing. De-colorization process is  usually more apparent depending on strength of the bleach liquor quantity, temperature and treatment time. It is preferable to have strong bleach with short treatment time. After bleach washing, there should be neutralization to minimize yellowing. Limitations of bleach washed in the below: Difficult to control in bleach processing time Bleach is harness chemicals so it…

Enzymatic fading effect on Garments in Washing

Enzymatic fading effect on Garments in Washing   The laccase help to fade the Jeans without affecting the weft yarns, the resulting finish exhibits unique wash-down of denim. It uses for stretch denim, without affecting its elasticity. The laccase enzyme used for abrasion enhancement by further brightening up the denim after cellulose treatment. As environmentally friendly processes consume less energy and raw materials and markedly reduce waste and water consumption. The challenge to biotechnology is to provide tools that will enable to achieve these goals and thus ensure great industrial…

GSM INCREASE OF DENIM JEANS IN WASHING

GSM INCREASE OF DENIM JEANS IN WASHING The term GSM of fabric means the weight of the fabric in grams per square meter (Weight per unit area). GSM is the most important parameter in washing.  It maintained in processing of  washing. GSM measured after each and every stages of washing. GSM cutter measured GSM. Technician can increase GSM in cotton fibers of garments. But they can not increase GSM in man made fibers. The way to reduce GSM : The GSM of garments  decreases during bleaching action with pumic stone.…

Bleach washing problem

Bleach washing problem Bleach wash is common washing process. It is a strong oxidative bleaching agent. Simply to say Bleach is a chemical that removes colors from the garments during bleach washing or bleach wash. By applying bleaching wash special type of fading effect can be produced in the garments. All types of garments can apply bleach wash.. It also help to increase soft of garments,  color fastness and rubbing fastness. Bleach washed jeans   Bleach washed jeans   Limitations of Bleach washed: Hypochlorite reduce loses strength over time, especially at…

Tensile problem in Garments Washing

Tensile problem in Garments Washing Changes of Tensile strength along with all washing and  influences adversely of garments strength. Tensile strength falls after washing in both warp and weft wise direction. Enzyme wash sample shows the lowest result.  PP washed sample is much better than others washed.   The way of techniques are used to reduce of Tensile problem : The significant important things are Gas conentration, speed and time are the main potential parameters of washing that influences mainly on the tensile strength  of the garment. Speed and time…

DIMENSIONAL STABILITY IN WASHING

DIMENSIONAL STABILITY IN WASHING Dimensional stability is the ability to resist shrinkage or stretching of garments . Simply say to measure of garments after washing. There are mainly three factors that could cause dimensional changes are: Tension Swelling (Felting, wool) Tension is one important elements to change  the dimensional stability. Tensions generally occur during construction when yarns are held stretched. The moisture is also affect to change dimension of garments . The degree of dimensional change at relaxation depends on weave type, both in warp, weft and on total shrinkage.…

Yellowish Problem in denim jeans washing

Yellowish Problem in denim jeans washing Yellowing of garments become many reasons.  The techniques need to prevent Yellowish Problem jeans washing. Sometimes, fabric yellowing indicates fabric low quality so the fabric may fix this problem. Proper treatment of garments are the keys to minimizing losses from yellowing. The below discussion possibly come yellowish on garments. 1.FIBER DEGRADATION Excessive heat creates yellowish problem in washing. Especially in the presence of high humidity, high exposure to ultraviolet light, or long term storage .  2. CHEMICAL ADDITIVES OR AUXILLARIES Yellowish resists Optical brightening…

Lycra problem in denim jeans washing

Lycra problem in denim jeans washing It is a common problem in Jeans washing. There are many reasons behind this Problem.  But mainly two reasons are the below Lycra or spandex breaks out in washing : This lycra problem is not primarily detected while washing processing but it is visible extensively just after garments washing. Lycra is break out in excessive temperature either in heated chamber or in steam compartment. It is very sensitive to alkali, chlorine bleach and abrasion as well. Spandex filaments can be missed through the width…

Color Enhancer in Washing

Color Enhancer in Washing   From light to depth color in washing requires by buyers. Color strength of jeans decreased significantly to bleach wash and PP wash. It also decreased color strength of garments.  A portion of the primary wall of cotton is always in contact with enzyme during washing and hence at the contact point, surface of fibers are decomposed by the aqueous solution of the enzyme. some times color enhancer in washing reduce after garments washing. Color of garments become dull and fade in enzyme washing. But adverse effect…

Zipper Protector in Washing

Zipper  (Metal) Protector in Washing There are many garment washed to achieve the desirable effects.  However, garment washing may have adverse effects on the quality of metal. Problem of Metal in washing processing and effective measure should take to provide more protection in each and every process.  Metal Damage in Garment washing If the metal zippers did not zipped up in washing then Zipper would damage. The collision and friction caused by the washing drum can bring abrasion to the metal of Garments. It will damage metal of Garments.  …

TEAR STRENGTH PROBLEM

TEAR STRENGTH PROBLEM The garments shows  its ability to resist a tearing force . It is an important property for the durability of garments.  It indicates of the strength of the yarn of garments. The tear strength of garments will decrease after washing, and that loss of durability. The differences between pre washed, stone washed, bleach washed, PP washed,  and enzyme washed, and the strength loss was found to be different. but  It was also found that in cases where softeners were used during laundering, the decrease of tear strength…

Sulfur black denim fading problem

Sulfur black denim fading: Sulfur black denim fading is the art of washing industries. It  is an important how to fade sulfur dyes denim and there are some limitations and techniques the way to reduce fading problem in washing. Unfortunately, sulfur black dyeing of cotton on continuous machines usually results in significant problems that cause customer dissatisfaction. Denim washing is one of the key areas in getting the faded look. Sulfurs dyes attached to cotton at a faster rate than water. There are variables such as temperature, ph, ORP, moisture,…